There are many ways to create borders in your garden, to delineate spaces, create outdoor rooms, give a sense of enclosure, or add privacy. When we think of hemming in an outdoor space, we often think of wood or metal fences. There are many types of fences, using varied materials- we could do several blog posts just about them! In this post we want to talk about fences but also walls and hedges as ways to border your garden.
Fences are typically made of wood or metals like wrought iron or aluminum. Most cities and counties have a height limit of 6’ for fencing (without a permit variance), which can provide privacy and screening from streets or undesirable views. But fences don’t need to be that high, or be solid, to create a barrier between private and public space. Even a 3’ fence can create a border, or an open style fence like split rails or wire mesh give the sense of entering a space. Fences can also be planted with vines to create a green wall to provide a living fence with seasonal change.
Walls are also a way to border in your garden. Freestanding walls are another form of fence, and can be veneered with stucco or stone to create a more formal and solid barrier. These walls can also be up to 6’ tall, or a combination of wall and fence adds a dynamic twist to your garden edge.
Of course we can’t forget planting borders, like hedges. The old standby, the Boxwood hedge, is often what people think of when hedges are mentioned- and they are often a great choice for a low maintenance, solid hedge. But many plants can be trimmed into hedges, including shrubs that flower, are fragrant, or have interesting foliage year-round. Borders don’t have to be sheared like Boxwood hedges either- a line of perennial grasses or a uniform row of low shrubs can be left in their natural form and still create a strong border.